Дипломна робота «Використання феромонів для захисту овочевих та декоративних рослин від шкідливих організмів в умовах захищеного ґрунту (Use of pheromones for pest control of vegetables and flowers in greenhouse conditions)»

З предмету Біохімія · додано 12.06.2013 16:34 · від anka-bancka · Додати в закладки
75 грн Вартість завантаження

Зміст

Introduction.13 Chapter 1. Theoretical aspects concerning the pheromone.18 1.1. Pheromone characteristics.18 1.2. Mode of pheromone action.19 1.3. Types of pheromones.20 1.3.1. Aggregation pheromones.20 1.3.2. Alarm pheromones.21 1.3.3. Epideictic pheromones.28 1.3.4. Releaser pheromones.28 1.3.5. Signal pheromones.28 1.3.6. Primer pheromones.28 1.3.7. Territorial pheromones.29 1.3.8. Trail pheromones.29 1.3.9. Information pheromones.32 1.3.10. Sex pheromones.33 1.3.11. Other pheromones.38 1.4. Examples of pheromone use.39 1.4.1. Pheromone use by insects.39 1.4.2. Analysis of pheromonal communication.40 1.4.3. Other pheromone systems.41 Chapter 2. Theoretical aspects concerning the main pests for vegetable and flowers in greenhouse conditions.45 2.1. Mites.46 2.2. Whitefly.49 2.3. Aphids (Louse).50 2.4. Midg.52 2.5. Leafeminer.53 2.6. Ceratophysella.54 2.7. Thrips.55 2.8. Slug.56 2.9. Nematoda.57 2.10. Cricket.58 2.11. Scoop.60 2.12. Weevil.61 Chapter 3. Methods of vegetables and flowers protection from pests in greenhouse conditions.63 3.1. Plant Protection.63 3.2. Classifications of the protection methods.66 3.2.1. Agrotechnical method of plant protection.66 3.2.2. Agrotechnical plant protection.66 3.2.3. Physical-mechanical method of plant protection.66 3.2.4. Chemical method of plant protection.67 3.2.5. Integrated plant protection.68 3.3. Side effects of chemical methods using.69 3.3.1. Dangers in pesticides use.70 3.3.2. Reduction of pesticides need by alternative measures.70 3.3.3. Biological method of plant protection.73 3.4. Pheromone traps using for vegetables and flowers protection in the greenhouse condition.74 3.4.1. Definition of pheromone traps.74 3.4.2. Sensitivity of pheromone traps.76 3.4.3. Targets of pheromone traps.77 3.4.4. Storage and handling of pheromone traps.80 3.4.5. Placement of pheromone traps in the field.80 3.4.6. Replacement of pheromone traps.80 3.4.7. Safety precautions for work with pheromone traps.81 3.4.8. Market of pheromone traps.81 3.4.8. 1. European market of pheromone traps.82 3.4.8. 2. Ukrainian market of pheromone traps. 84 Conclusions.87 References.89

Висновок

1. Found that at certain population levels of harmful insects is appropriate to apply protection methods.
2. Using pheromones traps are effective monitoring and protection of plants from certain pests in greenhouse.
3. Pheromone traps are mainly used as attractants and repellents in the monitoring and protection methods.
4. Pheromone traps are most effective in monitoring and protecting plants against pests belonging to the class of insects (Insecta).
5. Companies "Biotechnics" Ltd. (Odessa) and «BioTech Systems» (Dnepropetrovsk) represents pheromone traps of ukrainian and european production, which are effective in predicting and protecting of crops in greenhouse in Ukraine.

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