Курсова робота «Leadership and administrative style», 2009 рік

З предмету Менеджмент організації · додано 24.03.2011 20:40 · від Cлава · Додати в закладки
35 грн Вартість завантаження

Зміст

Introduction 3 Chapter 1. Fundamentals of Leadership 5 1.1. History of leadership development 5 1.2. Management and Leadership 12 Chapter 2. The theory of leaders 16 2.1. The theory of individual character traits 16 2.2. Theory of Behavior 17 2.3. Situational theory 23 2.4. Theory of movement to the goal Hausa R 26 2.5. Theory X and theory Y 27 2.6. Theory Z 28 2.7. Path-goal theory 29 Chapter3. The development and formation of an effective Leadership Styles 30 3.1. Leadership styles 30 3.2The formation of effective leadership in business 38 Summary 46 List of used literature 48

Висновок

Having written this work, I had learned a lot and we should say it was quite interesting and fruitful research, which had helped me to form my own view on this problem.

The problems of leadership are considered to be the main problems of the effective organization activity. The success of the organization in its business completely depends on the efficient and skillful leadership in the managerial structure of it. The process of leadership helps to improve internal administration relations within the company, to ensure direct movement to the achievements of the best results which are very important for the society and the country in whole.

Leading should not be considered the same as managing. Business leaders who do not understand the difference between the functions/roles of leading and managing are quite likely to misinterpret how they should carry out their duties to meet organizational goals. While some managers are high-quality leaders, others only manage resources and don’t lead their subordinates. Leadership is one of the four primary activities that are used to influence others. As such, it is a subcategory of the management concept that focuses mainly on behavioral issues and opportunities. Managing is more comprehensive than leading. It involves dealing with resource issues as well as behavioral factors. Generally speaking, not all managers are necessarily leaders, yet the most effective managers, over the long term, are leaders. Leadership is the process of guiding the behavior of others toward an organization’s goals. Guiding, in this context, means causing individuals to behave in a particular manner or to follow a specific set of instructions. Ideally, the behavior exhibited is perfectly aligned with such factors as organizational goals, culture, policies, procedures, and job specifications. The main goal of leadership is to get things done through other people, making it one of the main activities that can enhance the management system. It is accomplished to a great degree through the use of effective communication. Because leadership is a prerequisite for business success, to be a successful business manager one must have a solid understanding of what leadership includes. Indeed, such issues as the increased capabilities afforded by enhanced communication technology and the rise of international business have made leadership even more important in today’s business environment. The following sections describe the major theories underlying the most commonly accepted management/leadership practices and the concepts they are based on. In today’s business environment, possessing management skills is no longer sufficient to be successful. Contemporary business practices require that managers have knowledge and experience regarding the differences between management and leading and how both activities must be integrated for business success. Commonly, businesspeople believe that a manager makes sure tasks and duties are completed, while a leader is sensitive to the needs of people and what they need to be exceptional employees. Integrating these concepts allows business managers to apply logic and analytical skills to business activities and tactics while being sensitive to and working with workers as individuals with needs and desires related to their work and careers. There are too many theories, approaches and concepts in the studying of leadership. They help to define and understand leadership from different points of view. I tried to examine all main ideas of different scientists on this problem and give my thoughts after having processed the available information.

Also manager (administrator) is a person, who supervises other people. He accomplishes four management functions: planning, organizing, controlling and leading. Like a leader, administrator must to know some technical, conceptual skills and human skills – ability to become a leader.

In our time leaders need to evaluate and refine their interpersonal skills, understand how they perceive the world around them, look for such information, look for organizational indicators that their leadership may be faltering, be assertive in developing a professional growth plan, and not let past successes become failures. In addition, leaders should focus on the abilities to create a culture within their organization that genuinely engages their employees and helps them to feel a part of the decisions and actions that most affect their jobs, performances, and results.

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